The problem with a cover-up is that it just keeps metastasizing. Think of the Richard Nixon White House. To secure a victory in the 1972 US presidential election, the President's Republican re-election committee started off sanctioning a few standard dirty tricks against the Democratic party but by the time of Nixon's resignation, many of the major figures running America-inside the Justice Department, the FBI, the CIA and, most especially, the White House-stood accused of involvement in multiple cover-ups of a host of federal offences, from burglary, illegal wiretapping and other acts of political sabotage to obstruction of justice, money-laundering, the misuse of power and perjury.
At the point just before it all began to unravel, White House chief counsel John Dean, warning his boss about the difficulty of keeping the lid on all these clandestine activities, famously referred to them as a 'cancer on the presidency'.
A similar kind of malignancy now engulfs America's Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)-the US government body invested with protecting the nation against infectious diseases-after fresh revelations of alleged data-tampering in vaccine studies.
In 2004, scientists at the CDC's then National Immunization Program carried out a study intended to settle all the questions surrounding the measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine (produced by drug company Merck) and a possible link to autism. They'd compared the ages of 624 autistic children at the time of their first MMR vaccination with some 1,800 children who'd developed normally.
Although noting a small increase in autism among children vaccinated before age three, and a stronger association in the 3- to 5-year age group"; the authors explained away this blip as all part of "early intervention programs".
When the study was published in 2004,1 the CDC researchers reported they had found no significant link between the vaccine and the development of autism, nor any statistically significant increased risk for any racial or ethnic group.
A fresh look
There the story stood for nearly nine years until biochemical engineer Brian Hooker, associate professor of biology at Simpson University in California, decided to take a fresh look at the data. He filed a Freedom of Information Act request for the original data and, while reanalyzing it, he got a call from CDC epidemiologist Dr William Thompson, who'd been a co-author of the 2004 paper and who now felt compelled to set the story straight by offering to collaborate on the new paper.
During multiple phone calls, Thompson revealed some of the statistical jiggery-pokery that had been used to hone the sample size of the children to allow manipulation of the data. The CDC investigators had in fact discovered a 3.4-fold (or 340 per cent) increase in autism for African American boys in the study. However, this risk was never published because, according to Thompson, he and his fellow researchers cherry-picked which participants they wanted to include in their analyses.
As the new study says, the original study by DeStefano et al. limited the total African American cohort to include only those individuals who possessed a valid State of Georgia birth certificate, which decreased the statistical power of their analysis.2 This reduced the study sample by a whopping 41 per cent, virtually disqualifying most of the African Americans originally included and ultimately skewing the final results to make it appear that the vaccine carried minimal risk.
After numerous discussions with Thompson, Hooker published his re-analysis in early August. This time, it clearly shows that the African American boys in the study given the MMR vaccine before 24 months of age were more likely to develop autism.
In a stroke, this study has finally vindicated the work of the much-maligned British gastroenterologist Dr Andrew Wakefield, who sacrificed his career to publicize the MMR-autism connection (after his vilification by the press, the General Medical Council removed his licence to practice medicine).
Thompson's whistleblowing offers shocking evidence of deception and fraud at the heart of the US government agency charged with vaccine safety.
He decided to leak the original correspondence he'd had with Dr Julie Gerberding-then head of the CDC-dated February 2, 2004, sent one week before a pivotal meeting at the Institute of Medicine on vaccine safety and autism. In the letter, Thompson laments the fact that his findings weren't good news: "I will have to present several problematic results relating to statistical associations between the receipt of MMR vaccine and autism," he wrote.
He also urges her to respond to questions raised by Congressman David Weldon in two letters regarding "issues surrounding the integrity of your scientists in the National Immunization Program".
And he hints at a cover-up of the truth concerning the safety of vaccines: "I've repeatedly told individuals in the [National Immunization Program Office of Directors] over the last several years that they're doing a very poor job representing immunization safety issues and we're losing the public relations war."
In a separate 2002 email to CDC officials after their study had been done but before it was published, Thompson also hints at the possibility of a multiple cover-up when writing of his discomfiture over documents being sent by the CDC to the Department of Justice investigating MMR and vaccine damage.
"I don't think anyone has broken the law," he says, but the testimony of one of his report's co-authors before a Congressional committee in 2002 about MMR and autism makes him uneasy, particularly after discovering that the co-author was being represented by a lawyer from another government department-the National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities (NCBDDD)-which presumably also claims no association between vaccination and autism.
In the email, Thompson announces that he'll be hiring his own lawyer to assure that all the appropriate documents are provided. "My level of concern has also caused me to seriously consider removing my name as an author on the draft manuscript," he wrote.
This is not the first time the CDC has been caught in the act of questionable activities. For six years, Hooker-himself the father of a 16-year-old with autism who he claims is 'vaccine-damaged', and an advisor for the Focus Autism Foundation, which funded his re-analysis-doggedly filed requests through the Freedom of Information Act for the original data on studies supposedly demonstrating that the preservative thimerosal, the mercury-based preservative used in numerous vaccines, was not implicated in autism.
After the CDC repeatedly stalled in handing over these supposedly public documents, Hooker was forced to file a lawsuit against them. Ultimately, he discovered that numerous studies supposedly proving the safety of thimerosal were seriously flawed (see timeline, left).
But that's only the beginning of the cover-up. In the 1970s, when news of the Watergate burglary first broke, the press was instrumental in exposing the lies and deceit at the heart of the US government.
Today, in the age of corporate-run media, the press is largely in collusion. There has been a virtual press blackout of a major act of conspiracy by a government agency-a scam potentially as big as Watergate-and it's been left to the alternative press, including parent-led autism and vaccination sites, to run with the story.
When news about Hooker's findings and Thompson's whistleblowing were posted on the CNN website as an iReport (news posted by viewers), it got more than 45,000 views and 178 comments, largely from people requesting that the channel formally cover the story. Not only did CNN not cover the story, but it also deleted the iReport.
What's more, once the story began to emerge in the alternative press, the journal Translational Neurodegeneration, which published Hooker's paper, added a red warning box stating that an "expression of concern has been published for this article". The box redirects readers to a comment showing that the journal publisher "has serious concerns about the validity of its conclusions". (The report can also be downloaded from the Alliance for Natural Health Europe website: http://anh-europe.org/documents/brian-hooker-measles-mumps-rubella-vaccination-timing-and-autism-among-young-african-ameri).
On September 15, 1972, Nixon congratulated John Dean for his role in what another of the President's men called "the modified, limited hangout" in "containing" the Watergate cover-up: "The way you've handled it . . . has been very skilful . . . putting your fingers in the dikes every time that leaks have sprung here and sprung there".
With this latest CDC scandal, as the Age of Autism wrote on its website, "These leaks are becoming a flood, and the flood a tidal wave . . . and the wave is washing away the whole wall of denial built by the same people who just about now are running out of fingers and toes to plug them with."
Nixon himself never entirely atoned for his sins. He had to resign the presidency, but was ultimately pardoned by his successor. And Dr Gerberding, the head of the CDC at the time of the study? She's got a new job-as president of Merck's vaccine division.
Has she been replaced by a whole new group of all the president's men?
How to 'contain' the autism connection
Evidence obtained by various groups via the Freedom of Information Act reveals that the CDC spearheaded a major worldwide movement to find studies that would bury the thimerosal connection with autism.
Researchers from the Guy's & St Thomas' NHS Foundation Trust in the UK compare vaccinated children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) with children with other special needs and those who were developing normally. But 735 children are 'lost' to the study by the second phase and, of the 155 remaining, 100 fail to provide satisfactory blood samples. The study's conclusions rest upon samples from a tiny minority.1
A CDC study finds only a few significant associations between exposure to thimerosal and autism.2 But, as one of the study's external consultants later revealed,3 the stats had been deliberately skewed to include only those children who were least likely to exhibit impairment; and 70 per cent of the cohort had dropped out.
Two doctorates at the department of psychology at the University of Northern Iowa, who were re-analyzing data reported in a 2004 Hong Kong study showing no link between mercury exposure and autism,4 found numerous computational errors. In fact, the corrected figures showed a significant relationship.5
A British study purporting to show the lack of association between the MMR and gut problems only included hospital emergency admissions.6
A UK report of a study of more than 14,000 children in Avon manages to conclude that mercury is actually good for children.7
Three out of four Danish studies-by teams sharing some of the same researchers-show no link between autism and thimerosal.8-10 Yet Danish autism records from outpatients clinics, where most cases are diagnosed, were only included in the last few years of the 30-year review, making it look like autism rates went up after thimerosal was removed.
One of the above Danish studies comparing autism figures for children in California, Sweden and Denmark only considers autism cases diagnosed in hospitals, thereby underreporting the true incidences in those countries.10
REFERENCES: MAIN TEXT
1 Pediatrics, 2004; 113: 259-66
2 Transl Neurodegener, 2014; 3: 16
1 Arch Dis Child, 2008; 93: 832-7
2 N Engl J Med, 2007; 357: 1281-92
3 N Engl J Med, 2008; 358: 93-4
4 J Child Neurol, 2004; 19: 431-4
5 J Child Neurol, 2007; 22: 1308-11
6 BMJ, 2005; 330: 1120-1
7 Pediatrics, 2004; 114: 577-83
8 JAMA, 2003; 290: 1763-6
9 Pediatrics, 2003; 112: 604-6
10 Am J Prev Med, 2003; 25: 101-6